Its passage came amid questions over whether projected revenues were realistic in light of economic conditions that have deteriorated since protests against the country’s elite erupted in October.
Lebanon is in the throes of a financial and economic crisis caused by decades of bad governance and state corruption twinned with a liquidity crunch that has led banks to impose informal capital controls and the currency to slump.
Parliament was debating a budget first drafted by the Saad Hariri-led government that quit in October in the face of protests against the political elite blamed for the crisis.
Prime Minister Hassan Diab Hassan, whose government took office last week with backing from the powerful Hezbollah group and its political allies, told parliament he would not obstruct passage of the budget prepared by his predecessor.
Finance and budget committee chairman Ibrahim Kanaan told Reuters on Friday the latest projection was for a budget with a deficit of 7% instead of the originally hoped-for 0.6%, reflecting the crisis.
But speaking at the start of the debate, Kanaan cast doubt on the numbers, saying “the reviewed revenues might not be realistic ... in light of the economic contraction”.
Kanaan also said interest rates should be cut or the state revenues would not be able to cover debt servicing, adding that he had heard rates would be cut “and we are waiting for the full commitment”.
“We cannot continue to adopt the policy of high interest rates with the aim of attracting bank deposits,” said Kanaan, a member of the influential Free Patriotic Movement.
A large part of the projected 2020 deficit reduction was thanks to interest relief on government debt held by the central bank. Kanaan told Reuters last week the central bank was still committed to this agreement.
Some parties boycotted the session, with critics arguing that the Diab government should have presented its policy statement, won a vote of confidence in parliament and then presented the budget itself.
Some protesters have rejected the new cabinet and accuse the political elite of ignoring demands that include an independent government and fighting corruption.
“After more than 100 days in the streets, we can see that this government is the same as before, it didn’t hear our demands,” said Hassan Noureddine, 30, among several dozen protesters in central Beirut.